Enabling Apache’s PHP execution in User Directories on Ubuntu LucidPosted: 6 October 2011
Ubuntu Lucid ships with PHP disabled for user directories. That’s a sensible security default, but it won’t allow your developers to get their work done. And if you’re working with Drupal, you’ll need all the steps listed here.
First, you’ll need to install Apache:
sudo apt-get install apache2
Then the compiled PHP binary (or “shared object” in Apache lingo):
sudo apt-get install php5
You may need to do
sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart or
sudo service apache2 restart to have it pick up the updated configuration file that loads the PHP5 module. Try visiting your own box at “localhost” to see if you get a nice “welcome” page. You can put an “
info.php” file in
/var/www to test if PHP is working (the contents of your info.php file are simply
<?php phpinfo(); ?>), and visit that in your browser.
Once you’ve gotten PHP running under Apache, edit
/etc/apache2/mods-available/php5.conf and comment out the lines as instructed:
<IfModule mod_php5.c> <FilesMatch "\.ph(p3?|tml)$"> SetHandler application/x-httpd-php </FilesMatch> <FilesMatch "\.phps$"> SetHandler application/x-httpd-php-source </FilesMatch> # To re-enable php in user directories comment the following lines # (from <IfModule ...> to </IfModule>.) Do NOT set it to On as it # prevents .htaccess files from disabling it. # <IfModule mod_userdir.c> # <Directory /home/*/public_html> # php_admin_value engine Off # </Directory> # </IfModule> </IfModule>
If you’re developing with Drupal, the following step may also be necessary: In
/etc/apache2/mods-available/userdir.conf, you should allow Drupal’s local
.htaccess file to override the Apache-wide configuration file, with:
(...) <Directory /home/*/public_html> AllowOverride All #AllowOverride FileInfo AuthConfig Limit Indexes #Options MultiViews Indexes SymLinksIfOwnerMatch IncludesNoExec (...)
Restart Apache with
sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart and you might be done!